AP® English Language and Composition

In our Language and Composition Summer Institute, we will explore rhetoric as a way for our students to become “citizen orators,” understanding the powerful role of language in our world.  Many assignments include a step-by-step approach to critical reading, thinking and writing.  We will look at both linear processes and creative explorations—the mundane and the sublime.  Participants will review reading strategies to determine those most appropriate to their students, create assignments, practice holistic scoring and methods to reduce the workload, and work on curriculum planning.


  • reading strategies
  • close reading of difficult texts/vocabulary
  • analysis of/strategies for multiple choice exam
  • processes for writing the rhetorical analysis, argumentation and synthesis essays, including strategies for addressing the diverse needs of a mixed classroom.
  • research activities
  • holistic scoring /writing assessment
  • strategies for building style and/or sentence control
  • research ideas to involve students in social/political issues
  • tips on curriculum planning

Participants should bring the following:

All participants will need to bring a lap top.  Most participant materials will be digital. 

Course Outline (Subject to Change):

Monday, July 23

  • Test overview, independent reading, multiple choice question types/strategies, vocabulary, establishing a reading-based curriculum

Tuesday, July 24

  • Rhetorical analysis, holistic sccoring, poetry as rhetoric, strategies for developing analysis skills

Wednesday, July 25

  • Argumentation, holistic scoring, current events, building an evidence bank, recognizing arguments in reading, strategies
  • Style

Thursday, July 26

  • Synthesis, holistic scoring, strategies for reading sources, research activities and projects,
  • Planning and Pacing


Jennifer Troy Jennifer Troy received a BA and an MA from the University of Texas at Austin.  She taught English for thirty-three years in the Austin Independent School District, teaching AP Language and Composition since 1990 to both struggling and advanced students.  A College Board consultant since 1992, she has presented workshops and summer institutes, written curriculum for both Pre-AP and AP Language and Literature, and read language exams for ETS, the last eight years serving as a Table Leader.   From 2006 to 2010, she served as an Austin lead teacher, working with students and teachers in s